• Fill-ins, true/false, short answers and essays; multiple-choice with right/wrong options

  • Familiar presentation of material 

  • Prediction and matching 

  • Regurgitation of information and labeling of concepts

  • Fact recall: answers are in head

  • Tests storage capacity (bytes) 

  • ROM (long-term memory)

  • Discrete units of information

  • Hippocampus and cortex

  • Raw scores are rarely adjusted

  • 75% is average score; 50% is failure

  • Strongly favors dedicated students who have a good rapport with their teachers and demonstrate higher social-emotional intelligence

  • Often favors aural and visual learners or those who can adapt to teacher's style of instruction


  • Multiple-choice with better/worse options using reversed-engineered questions and formulaic distracters

  • Unfamiliar presentation of material

  • Comparison and elimination

  • Application of information and connecting of concepts

  • Problem-solving: answers are in test

  • Tests processing speed (bitrate)

  • RAM (short-term/working memory)

  • Dynamic connections of information

  • Prefrontal lobe and cortex

  • Raw scores are scaled (normalized)

  • 50% is average or 50th percentile score

  • Not strongly correlated with IQ, GPA, academic success in traditional classes or social-emotional intelligence 

  • Strongly favors logical, visual, verbal, and/or solitary learners (a minority) over aural, physical, and social learners (the majority)

All verbal content unless otherwise cited is original and was written by Susan Werb.

Please request permission to reprint, cite or link.

All rights reserved © 2012-2019


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